Chapter 7: Mechanisms in Programs and Nature

Section 9: Origins of Simple Behavior

Previous approaches [to complexity]

Before the discoveries in this book, nested and sometimes even repetitive behavior were quite often considered complex, and it was assumed that elaborate theories were necessary to explain them. Most of the theories that have been proposed are ultimately equivalent to what I discuss in this section, though they are usually presented in vastly more complicated ways.

From Stephen Wolfram: A New Kind of Science [citation]